What are terpenes?
Terpenes are volatile hydrocarbon compounds produced by the hemp plant.They are responsible for the distinctive aromas and fragrances in hemp products.These compounds are considered safe for use in food and cosmetic products.
Cannabinoids vs terpenes
Most consumers only pay attention to the cannabinoid content in a given cannabis product. This is a mistake, as Cannabis Sativa L. plants are rich in many other beneficial ingredients, one of which is terpenes. It is worth mentioning that terpenes are not only found in hemp, but also in other plants – we will focus only on hemp.
For many years, it was believed that cannabinoids were the only active cannabis compounds that were able to bind to human endocannabinoid receptors. In recent years, however, there has been clear scientific evidence that cannabis terpenes can also bind to CB1 and CB2 receptors in humans as ligands for the cannabinoid receptor. Accordingly, the definition of phytocannabinoids has been updated to include any natural plant compound that is chemically similar to cannabinoids and / or is able to directly interact with endocannabinoid receptors.
The most common terpenes in cannabis
MycrenOne of the most common terpenes found in cannabis is myrcene.In addition to hemp, myrcene is found in hops and is responsible for the peppery, spicy, balsamic scent of beer.We can also find it in lemongrass, which has been used in traditional folk medicine for centuries.
Terpene caryophyllene is present in many herbs and spices, including black pepper, basil, and oregano, and cannabis strains with high levels provide a spicy, spicy warmth in the nose, similar to cinnamon and cloves.
Linalool refers to the two enantiomers of the naturally occurring terpene alcohol found in many flowers and spice plants.This steam has many commercial uses, most of which are based on a pleasant fragrance.Linalool is a colorless oil.It is classified as an acyclic monoterpenoid.
Pinene is an aromatic compound commonly found in cannabis that smells similar to – you guessed it – pine forest.But pinene can do more than just taste.
Limonene is a colorless, liquid aliphatic hydrocarbon classified as cyclic monoterpenes and is the main component of citrus peel oil.The D-isomer, more commonly found in nature as an orange scent, is a flavoring agent in food production.
Terpinolene is found in elderberry bloom, nutmeg, caraway and apples.The hemp plant is an impressive alchemist, capable of producing hundreds of cannabinoids and terpenes.
The subtle earthy, woody and spicy notes that give the hop beer its distinctive flavor and aroma are also partly responsible for giving the cannabis plant its unique aroma.Hops and hemp share a common terpene: humulene.It is very similar to myrcene
Eucalyptol is a monoterpenoid.It is a colorless liquid, a bicyclic ether.Eucalyptol has a fresh mint flavor and a spicy, cooling flavor.It is insoluble in water but miscible with organic solvents.Eucalyptol makes up 90% of eucalyptus oil.
Terpenes are as important as cannabinoids.Although the latter are more popular in the press, research and marketing activities, let’s not forget that without terpenes CBD products would be much less effective in their action (synergy effect).And what kind of terpenes you can find in our oils can be seen in the following certificate ?